The Vibrant 20 Regions Of Italy: What Makes Each One Special

Italy is like a delicious buffet of different flavours, each of its 20 regions serving something uniquely special.

We will dive into Italy’s regions, from the snowy mountains in the north to the sunny beaches in the south, to see what each region offers and what is unique about them.

So, get ready to explore Italy’s 20 vibrant regions and discover what makes each one a must-see destination!

20 regions in italy

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The Regions Of Italy 

Before discussing each region, I will break them down into Northern Italy, Central Italy, Southern Italy, and the Islands.

Continue to read about the regions of Italy to see what is unique about each one.

Northern Italy Regions

The regions in Northern Italy offer a bit of everything: fashion, history, art, and some of Italy’s finest cuisine. Whether exploring Venice’s romantic canals or hiking through the stunning Dolomites, Northern Italy is filled with surprises at every turn. Let’s uncover what makes each region so unique.

Lake Como

1. Aosta Valley (Valle d’Aosta): Italy’s smallest region is in the heart of the Alps. It’s great for outdoor enthusiasts and offers some of the best skiing in Europe. This region is unique because it blends Italian and French cultures; most of its population is bilingual. The capital of this region is Aosta.

2. Piedmont (Piemonte): Located in Northwest Italy, this region has lush wineries, refined cuisine, and a rich history.  It is also the birthplace of slow food. The slow food movement encourages people to connect with food more meaningfully, enjoying the taste and the story behind it. This region is great for foodies, wine lovers, and history buffs. The capital of this region is Turin.

3. Liguria: This beautiful region is famous for its beautiful coasts and seaside villages. Most notable is Cinque Terre, a cluster of five colorful cliffside villages that is a UNESCO World Heritage site. This area is also perfect for hiking and exploring and offers breathtaking views of the Mediterranean Sea. Genoa is the capital of this region.

4. Lombardy (Lombardia): This region in Northern Italy is known for its bustling economy, fashion, and stunning landscapes. Within this region, you will find Lake Como and Lake Garda, which attract visitors due to their scenic views and luxury villas. The region’s capital is Milan. Milan is Italy’s financial and fashion epicenter, home to high-end shopping districts like Via Montenapoleone. You will also find iconic landmarks such as the world-famous La Scala Opera House and the Milan Cathedral (Duomo di Milano).

Bellagio, on Lake Como

5. Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol: This northern Italian region seamlessly blends Italian and Austrian influences. Known for its amazing mountain scenery, it is heaven for outdoor enthusiasts, offering world-class skiing in the winter and scenic hiking trails in the summer. Both German and Italian are spoken in the region. This region’s capital is Trento, known for its Renaissance-era buildings and vibrant festivals.

6. Veneto: Veneto is a beautiful region in northeastern Italy known for its romantic canals, historic cities, and scenic landscapes. It’s home to Venice, the “City of Canals,” where gondolas glide through the waterways. Venice is one of Italy’s most famous cities and a UNESCO World Heritage site. Also in this region is Verona, famous for its Roman amphitheater and Juliet’s balcony, offering a dose of Shakespearean romance. The capital of this region is Venice.

7. Friuli Venezia Giulia: This northeastern region of Italy is where cultures unite, bringing a unique blend of Italian, Austrian, and Slovenian influences. Its varied landscapes stretch from the Adriatic coast to the Alpine peaks. What makes Friuli Venezia Giulia special is its distinct cultural diversity, reflected in its cuisine, traditions, and languages. Here, you can also enjoy seaside retreats and lots of outdoor activities. The capital of this region is Trieste.

8. Emilia-Romagna: Nestled in Northern Italy, this region is known for its culinary heritage, historic cities, and lively cultural scene. It’s famous for being the birthplace of some of Italy’s most beloved foods, like Parmigiano-Reggiano cheese, balsamic vinegar from Modena, and prosciutto from Parma. What is unique about this region is its combination of gastronomic delights, academic tradition, and automotive history. Bologna, the region’s capital and largest city, boasts Europe’s oldest university and a bustling food culture.

View of Bologna from the Asinelli Tower

Central Italy Regions

The regions of central Italy offer a mix of history, art, and stunning landscapes. Here, you can enjoy the Tuscany vineyards and Rome’s ancient streets. It’s a place where you can discover Renaissance masterpieces, enjoy delicious local cuisine, and experience Italy’s vibrant culture.


1. Tuscany (Toscana): Think rolling hills, world-class art, and charming cities. The region of Tuscany is famous for its picturesque landscapes, where vineyards and cypress trees stretch as far as the eye can see. The capital of this region is Florence. You will find iconic masterpieces in Florence, such as Michelangelo’s David and Botticelli’s Birth of Venus. Other well-known cities within this region are Pisa, with its famous leaning tower, and Siena, known for its famous horse race, Palio. If you enjoy exploring art museums, tasting local wines, or visiting historic hilltop towns, Tuscany is your region.

2. Umbria: This region is known as the “Green Heart of Italy.” Umbia’s uniqueness is its beautiful, lush landscapes and sense of tranquility, which sets it apart from its busier neighbors. The region’s capital is Perugia. It is a vibrant university town with a lively cultural scene. Perugia is also famous for its annual Umbria Jazz Festival and the Eurochocolate Festival. Another great town in this region is Assisi, Saint Francis’s birthplace, which draws visitors to its breathtaking Basilica di San Francesco. If you want a laid-back Italian experience, this is a great region for that.

3. Marche: This region offers pretty much everything in one place: a beautiful coastline, rolling hills, and charming hilltop towns. You can spend the morning hiking in the mountains and then head to the beaches in the afternoon. Marche’s balance of natural beauty and cultural heritage makes it unique, with many hidden gems waiting to be discovered. The capital of this region is Ancona. This is a busy port city with a rich history, while Ascoli Piceno is famed for its beautiful medieval squares and olive all’ascolana (stuffed olives). 

4. Lazio: With Rome as its capital and most famous city, Lazio is known for its rich history and iconic landmarks. Rome is known for its ancient ruins, the Colosseum, large piazzas, Roman Forum, Vatican City, St. Peter’s Basilica, and its vibrant neighborhoods. Landscapes in this region vary from sandy beaches to scenic mountains, with charming towns like Tivoli, known for the Villa d’Este and Villa Adriana, and the lakeside Bracciano.

Trevi Fountain, Rome

Southern Italy Regions 

Beautiful Southern Italy is full of warm sunshine and vibrant colors. There are cliffside villages like the Amalfi Coast, historic cities like Naples, and the great ancient ruins of Pompeii. The cuisine in southern Italy is fresh seafood, classic pizzas, and the sweet taste of lemons while drinking this region’s prized limoncello. Let’s see what each region has to offer in Southern Italy.


1. Abruzzo: Although this region looks to belong to Central Italy, it is, in fact, part of Southern Italy. In this region, you will find mountains, the Apennines, that are great for skiing, or you can go to the coast and visit the beaches on the Adriatic Sea. L’Aquila is the capital of this region of Italy. You will find a mix of medieval architecture and modern restoration projects due to the 2009 earthquake. This region also has national parks, which are perfect for hiking enthusiasts.

2. Molise: This is a great place for a tranquil visit. Molise is one of the smallest and lesser-known regions in Italy. Here, you can explore the scenic Matese mountains or relax on the shores of Termoli. The capital of this region is Campobasso. Known as a quiet city with a mix of medieval castles and modern amenities. Isernia, another notable city, is rich in history, featuring ancient archaeological sites and a charming old town.

3. Puglia: This region is known for its sun, beautiful coastlines, amazing cuisine, and truli houses. It is a must-see destination located in the “heel” of Italy’s boot. The capital of this region is Bari, a charming and bustling town on the waterfront. Lecce is another town in this region, often compared to Florence due to its baroque architecture and vibrant arts scene.


4. Basilicata: This region has national parks and a much slower pace of life. It is known for its rugged landscapes, hilltop towns, and history. The most famous city in the region is Matera, a UNESCO World Heritage site famous for its ancient cave dwellings, or “Sassi,” that have been inhabited since the prehistoric era of around 7000 BC. Due to poverty in the 1950s, the town was cleared, and the people were moved to public housing. Matera is the third oldest city in the world.

5. Calabria: Calabria is located in Italy’s heel. It is surrounded on one side by the Tyrrhenian Sea and on the other by the Ionian Sea. This region is actually reported to have the oldest human record in Italy, dating back to 700,000 BC. The entire region of Calabria is full of activities for anyone to enjoy. There are many beaches, and you can also go inland.

There are outdoor adventures, from hiking to wildlife watching. These can be done in the Sila and Aspromonte National Parks. The capital of the Calabria region is Catanzaro. Here, you can attend many attractions, including historical sites, museums, and scenic views. Including the Viaduct Morandi is a 3-tiered bridge and one of the highest in Europe. 

Naples, with view of Mount Vesuvius

The Islands 

The two main Italian islands of Sicily and Sardinia are two more regions to complete the 20 regions of Italy, which cannot be left out. 

Taormina, with view of Mount Etna

1. Sicily (Sicilia): Sicily is the largest island in the Mediterranean. If you are looking for diverse experiences, the Sicilian region is a great place to explore. Sicily is a mix of many cultures, including Arab, Norman, Roman, and Greek. These influences are evident in the architecture, cuisine, and customs. Key places to note in this region are the Valley of the Temples in Agrigento and the ancient Greek theater in Taormina.

These two areas offer breathtaking views of Mount Etna and the sea. Mount Etna, an active volcano, is a major landmark and UNESCO World Heritage site, offering hiking and guided tours for adventurous visitors. If you want to relax at one of the beaches, try visiting Isola Bella, often called the “Pearl of the Ionian Sea.” Sicily’s capital, Palermo, is known for its vibrant street markets, historic churches, and unique Arab-Norman architecture.

2. Sardinia (Sardegna): Located in the Mediterranean Sea, Sardinia is unique because of its rich history and ancient sites that date back thousands of years. What also makes this island region unique is that here, you will find that it has a unique linguistic uniqueness that is spoken along with the Italian language.

Something else quite unique here is the region’s mysterious Bronze Age stone towers called Nuraghe. One famous one is Nuraghe Su Nuraxi, a UNESCO World Heritage site. These towers are said to have been constructed between 1900 and 730 BC. Cagliari is the region’s capital, and here, you will find a lively marina, medieval architecture, and Roman ruins.


Italy’s Autonomous Regions

Autonomous regions in Italy have a special administrative status that grants them greater legislative and financial independence than other regions. This autonomy is ingrained in historical, cultural, linguistic, or geographical factors that differentiate these regions from the rest of the country.

The main features of Italy’s autonomous regions include Legislative Authority, Cultural and Linguistic Preservation, Special Governance Structures, and Financial Autonomy. 

The autonomous regions include Aosta Valley, Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol, Friuli Venezia Giulia, Sicily (Sicilia), and Sardinia (Sardegna).


FAQs about Italy’s Regions 

 Read on to discover answers to commonly asked questions about the regions of Italy. 

What is the most famous region in Italy?

Tuscany is the most famous region in Italy. It is known for its breathtaking landscape, rolling hills, and amazing food and wine.

What is the richest region in Italy? 

Lombardy is the richest region in Italy. This is due to its industrial hub, which includes automotive industries, iron and steel, and retail trade.

What is the smallest region in Italy? 

Val d’Aosta is the smallest region in Italy, but it offers many things to do.

Discovering Italy’s Beautiful Regions

Although Italy is a small country compared to many others, it offers great regional differences. Each region has something to offer to everyone due to each one’s diversity.

The northern regions offer the Dolomites, and the southern regions offer breathtaking and relaxing beaches to everything in between.

Each region offers traditional and modern lifestyles and amazing cuisine throughout. You will never go wrong deciding which region is best for you to visit. They are all amazing! 

Author Bio
Stacy is a travel blogger and owns Did Someone Say Italy. Her passion for Italy is deeply ingrained in her soul. Everything about Italy fills her heart with boundless joy and inspiration!

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